Foundational quantum science

The immense processing capacity of quantum computers is opening avenues for physicists to address a whole new class of physics problems, previously rendered insoluble within the limits of classical computing. Theoretical scientists are developing mathematical models that simulate quantum computing systems — and then mapping quantum physics systems onto those models. This process enables scientists to evolve the simulated quantum computing system in a way that’s advantageous for the field of particle physics.

The possibility of solving problems on quantum computers, one first outlined by Richard Feynman in the 1980s, may be realized in the next decade. Quantum science may give scientists a deeper understanding of black holes, space-time and quantum field theory.